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What is Tense?


Tense is the detailed study of different forms of Verbs. ( Tense क्रिया के विभिन्न रूपों  - (V1, V2 , V3 , V4 , एवं V5 ). का विस्तृत अध्ययन है ) Tense is a grammatical term. It is not a common word of dictionary. This is that form of verb which indicates time. In other words it can be said that Tense shows action’s relations with time and is justified by its derivations also. Tense has been derived from a Latin word ‘tempus’ means time. Through we sometimes feel a void between the structures of Tense and the concept of time. Even then time is largely expressed by tense. The concept of tense in English is a method that we use to refer to time- Past, Present and Perfect. Usually we talk about time with tense.


Why should you study Tense?


Since, Tense is that form of a verb which indicates not only the time of an action but also the state of all actions or events. Approximately, the (70%) seventy percent of entire human activities, natural happenings and historical events are expressed or addressed by tense itself. Our conversations, debates and descriptions are mostly covered by tense. And finally you cannot write correct English if you don’t know the tense well. Tenses are the basis for writing and speaking correct English. It is needless to emphasis the importance and utility of Tense because the universal acceptance of Tense by all linguists and grammarians has proved its share in the area of writing and speaking across the world.


Besides all these causes and facts, Tense has a major role in cracking questions of the following competitive examinations also:-


Compulsory English - UPSC

ESE

Essay ( UPSC )

GATE

PCS

PSUs

CSAT

LDC

JUDICIARY

TGT

SSC

PGT

PO

IELTS

NDA

B.ed

CDS

CTET

CPF

UPTET

DSSSB

HTET

Railway

And All Other TETs

FCI

And All Other Vocational Exams

IES

 

 

How should you read Tense?


Acknowledging the Tense as the base of many structures you should try to identify the different Tenses with their corresponding examples:- (In all forms such as Affirmative, Negative, Interrogative, Negative Interrogative, Interrogative with WH and Negative Interrogative with WH)


TENSE NAME

SENTENCE STRUCTURE

1.  Simple Present 

I speak the truth.

2. Present Continuous

I am speaking the truth.

3. Present Perfect 

 I have spoken the truth.

4. Present Perfect Continuous

I have been speaking the truth.

5. Simple Past

I spoke the truth.

6. Past Continuous 

I was speaking the truth.

7. Past Perfect

I had spoken the truth.

8. Past Perfect Continuous

I had been speaking the truth.

9. Simple Future

I shall speak the truth.

10. Future Continuous

I shall be speaking the truth.

11. Future Perfect

I shall have spoken the truth.

12. Future Perfect Continuous

I shall have been speaking the truth.
 

After having understanding and remembrance of all types of Tense in all its possible structures, one is sure to penetrate into the complexities of grammar very comfortably. At this point we can’t miss to remind you all to keep each and every detail in mind for ever but it should be done by providing focus on repeated practice.


Tense has three major forms:-

a.       Structural Tense

b.      Sequence of Tense

c.       Time and Tense


It is completed with meticulous study of above mentioned three chapters. 

 

Books Consulted

The following books have been consulted for preparing a comprehensive package of grammatical questions, providing one of the biggest domains for the convenience of all types of learners during our teaching journey of 25 years.

1. High School English Grammar and Compositions \ Wren & Martin. 2. English Grammar, Compositions and Usage | Nesfield. 3. Current English Usage | F.T.Wood. 4. A Practical English Grammar | Thomson & Martinet. 5. A Guide to Correct English | L.A.Hill. 6. Practical English Usages | Michael Swan. 7. A Communicative Grammar of English | G. Leech& Jan Swastik. 8. A University Grammar of English | Quirk & Greenbaum. 9. A Dictionary of Modern English Usage | H.W Fowler. 10. ABC of Common Grammatical Error | Nigel D Turtun. 11. Oxford Practice Grammar | John Eastward. 12. Oxford English Grammar Course | Michacl Swan & Catherinc Walter. 13. Contemporary English Grammar Structures and Composition | David Green. 14. How to Translate into English | R.P Sinha. 15. How to write Correct English | R.P. Sinha. 16. The Teaching of Structural Words and Sentence Patterns | A.S Hornby.